Go to start page
V1.6.10 (T344, R003bb76b9)
Disclaimer & Information
Show Mindmap
Poisonous animals
Cnidarians (Jellyfish, Corals and Anemones)
Venomous fish
Hymenopterans (Bees, Wasps and Ants)
Sea snakes
Terrestrial snakes
Miscellaneous animals
North America
Mexico and Central America
South America and the West Indies
North Africa, Near and Middle East
Central and Southern Africa
The Far East
Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia
Australia and the Pacific Islands



Hemachatus haemachatus

Case reports

South Africa
Rippey et al. 1976: 9 patients; bite 8/9, eye injury 1/9.
FitzSimons 1962: report of a bite suffered by the author.

Signs & symptoms

Local effects

Mild local swelling 2/8, ecchymosis in the area around the swelling 2/8 (Rippey et al. 1976).

Neurological effects

Diplopia, dyspnoea 1/8 (Rippey et al. 1976).
Dysphagia, dysphonia, blurred vision, weakness of the arms and legs, dyspnoea (loss of consciousness) (FitzSimons 1962).

Other signs & symptoms

Drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, dizziness 5/8 (Rippey et al. 1976).

Case fatality rate

0/8 (Rippey et al. 1976).


Necroses 0/8 (Rippey et al. 1976).

Treatment (specific)


Polyvalent antivenom (SAIMR, Johannesburg).

Evaluation and recommendations
Rippey et al. (1976) argue that the mild course in the 8 bite victims could be attributable to the prompt administration of antivenom, but point out that the small amounts of venom injected might also have played a role.