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Poisonous animals
Cnidarians (Jellyfish, Corals and Anemones)
Venomous fish
Hymenopterans (Bees, Wasps and Ants)
Sea snakes
Terrestrial snakes
Miscellaneous animals
North America
Mexico and Central America
South America and the West Indies
North Africa, Near and Middle East
Central and Southern Africa
The Far East
Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia
Australia and the Pacific Islands



Ovophis spp., Mountain pitvipers

formerly genus Trimeresurus


  • 1. Ovophis convictus
  • 2. Ovophis makazayazaya
  • 3. Ovophis monticola
  • 4. Ovophis okinavensis
  • 5. Ovophis tonkinensis
  • 6. Ovophis zayuensis


The genus Ovophis was previously included in the genus Trimeresurus (David and Ineich 1999, Gumprecht et al. 2004).


See also Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus) sp. for detailed disscussion about the revision of the genus Trimeresurus.


Ovophis convictus, Ovophis makazayazaya and Ovophis zayunensis previously described as subspecies of Ovophis monticola.


Serpentes; Viperidae; Crotalinae

Common names

  • 1. Indo-Malayan mountain pitviper
  • 2. Taiwan mountain pitviper
  • 3. Mountain pitviper
  • 4. Okinawa pitviper
  • 5. Tonkin pitviper
  • 6. Zayuan mountain pitviper


Indian Subcontinent eastwards to China, Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands. See link "Distribution" at the top of the page for detailed information.


Smaller, ground-dwelling species in shades of brown and red with repeating, dark pattern along the back. Found also in mountainous zones at altitudes of up to more than 1,800 m.

Literature (biological)

David and Ineich 1999, David and Vogel 2015, Gumprecht et al. 2004, Malhotra and Thorpe 2004, Malhotra et al. 2011

The Reptile Database