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Poisonous animals
 
Cnidarians (Jellyfish, Corals and Anemones)
 
Venomous fish
 
Scorpions
 
Spiders
 
Hymenopterans (Bees, Wasps and Ants)
 
Sea snakes
 
Terrestrial snakes
 
Miscellaneous animals
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Clinic

 

Various labidognath spiders

Studies

Lycosidae
Brazil
Ribeiro et al. 1990: 515 Lycosa bites. Identification: spiders were brought in and identified. Local symptoms 446/515, asymptomatic 69/515.

Case reports

Clubionidae
Japan
Ori 1975: 5 Chiracanthium japonicum bites. Identification: spiders were brought in and identified.

USA
Krinsky 1987: 1 Chiracanthium mildei bite. Identification: spider was brought in and identified.
Minton 1972: 1 Chiracanthium mildei bite. Identification: spider was brought in and identified.
Furman and Reeves 1957: 1 Chiracanthium inclusum bite. Identification: spider was identified.
Gorham and Rheney 1968: 1 Chiracanthium inclusum bite. Identification: spider was brought in and identified.

Chiracanthium lawrencei
South Africa
Newlands et al. 1980: spider bites. Identification: Chiracanthium lawrencei (= C. furculatum) according to indirect clinical and epidemiological criteria.

Chiracanthium punctorium
Europe
Habermehl and Mebs 1979: 8 C. punctorium bites.
Maretic 1975: 21 C. punctorium bites.
Wolf 1988: 1 C. punctorium bite. Identification conclusive.

Lycosidae
Campbell et al. 1987: 2 Lycosa bites. Identification: spiders were brought in and identified.

Araneidae
Maretic and Milna 1976: 1 Aranea sexpunctata bite. Identification: the partly squashed spider could be conclusively identified.

Salticidae
Russell 1970: 1 Phidippus formosus (= P. johnsoni) bite. Identification: identification of the spider from a photograph.

Signs & symptoms

Local effects

Chiracanthium japonicum
Local pain, local itching, occasionally local redness and local swelling (Ori 1975).

Chiracanthium mildei
Local pain, local redness, local swelling that developed into a nodular induration of the skin, local itching (Krinsky 1987, Minton 1972).

Chiracanthium inclusum
Local pain that was regionally referred to the axilla and the cranial thoracic region, local redness, local swelling (Gorham and Rheney 1968).

Local, regionally referred pain (Furman and Reeves 1957).


Chiracanthium lawrencei (= C. furculatum)
Local redness, local oedema, local necrosis possible (Newlands et al. 1980).

Chiracanthium punctorium

Local pain, local redness, local swelling, possibly slight necrosis, painful swelling of the regional lymph nodes (Habermehl and Mebs 1979, Maretic 1975).
Local pain referred to the shoulder (Wolf 1988).

Lycosidae
Local pain, mostly mild 426/515, local erythema 74/515 (Ribeiro et al. 1990).
Local pain 2/2, local erythema 2/2 (Campbell et al. 1987).

Aranea sexpunctata
Local pain (Maretic and Milna 1976).

Phidippus formosus (= P. johnsoni)
Local pain, local erythema, local swelling (Russell 1970).

Neurological effects (autonomic and somatic nervous systems)

Aranea sexpunctata

In this isolated case symptoms of envenoming similar to those caused by a Latrodectus bite were described (Maretic and Milna 1976).

Treatment recommendations

Symptoms of envenoming generally seem to be limited to local effects, and thus treatment of pain and wound care, including a tetanus vaccination or booster, are sufficient.