For clinical data see section “Risk” below
Sea snakes in general (excluding Pelamis): from the Persian Gulf to the coastal waters of Japan. Southwards to the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea and Australia. Islands in the Pacific as far as Polynesia and northern New Zealand. Sometimes also at river mouths and further upstream.
Pelamis platurus: in coastal regions and on the open sea in the Indian and Pacific Ocean: in the west from the entire coast of Africa, in the east to the Pacific Coast of Central and South America (as far as Ecuador).
Laticauda crockeri: only in Lake Tegano (freshwater!) on Rennell Island, Solomon Islands.
Map 9 Hydrophiinae (including Laticaudinae, excluding Pelamis platurus).
Map 10 Pelamis platurus.
Fig. 4.51 Pelamis platurus.
Accidents appear to be rare. There are no case reports on conclusively identified species. A report from northwest Malaysia has connected one fatality with Lapemis hardwickii and another fatality with Microcephalophis gracilis (Reid and Lim 1957).
Cogger 1975, 1987, 2000, Dunson 1975b, Gasperetti 1988, Limpus 1975, 1987, Kropach 1975, Minton 1975, O'Shea 2005